Home   About   Advantages  Applications 
SmartPlugs-Store   Engines  Videos/Slide-Show  UofI
FAQ     Fuels   Leanburn    Grants    News   Linking
Investor-Information   Previous-Page   Send-to-a-Friend

Aqueous Fuels (Aqueous fuels are fuels containing up to 50% water.)
The following are Aqueous fuels that SmartPlugs have been demonstrated to effectively ignite:
(NOTE: SmartPlugs are not limited to the following aqueous fuels.)
* Aqueous Gasoline
* Aqueous Diesel
* Aqueous Bio Diesel
* Aqueous Methanol
* Aqueous Ethanol
* Aqueous Naphtha

Emissions and Performance Benefits of Aqueous Fuels with the SmartPlugs System
* 90%+ Reduction in All Emissions (w/ near zero NOx)
* 50% Gain in Thermal Efficiency
* 30% Cooler Temperatures
* 20 % Gain in Horsepower
* No Catalytic Converter Necessary
* Capable of 17:1 compression ratios with no detonation
* Better Fuel Efficiency
* Better Power Density
* Better Torque

Some Facts About Aqueous Fuels
"Wet" alcohol fuels have significantly lower combustion temperatures than pure alcohol fuels or gasoline. This is the primary reason that aqueous fuels have such low NOx emissions. The reduced temperatures also assure that catalytic materials are not degraded during the combustion process. This is important for long-term life of the catalytic igniters.

Currently, fuel grade ethanol in the USA is distilled and then passed through a molecular sieve to reach 200 proof. Gasoline is added as a denaturant—and to permit ignition in spark ignition engines—to create the E-85 and E-95 grades purchased for use in alternative fuel vehicles. Alcohol-water fuels will allow manufacturers to omit use of the molecular sieve—a costly and energy-intensive step. Stopping the distillation process at 140 proof would greatly reduce the cost of the fuel. In most of our testing the pure alcohol was diluted with 35% water by volume. Instead of gasoline, Bitrix was added as a denaturant to meet federal regulations. The Bitrix does not change the combustion characteristics of the fuel.

Pure ethyl alcohol has a gross heating value of 29 MJ/Kg. When diluted to 35% water, the mixture has a gross heating value of 19 MJ/Kg. This compares with a heating value of 36 MJ/Kg for diesel fuel. Therefore to maintain a comparable energy input, it is necessary to modify the fuel delivery system to supply nearly twice as much Aquanol as diesel fuel.

SmartPlugs & Aqueous Fuels Click here for information about Aquanol.

SmartPlug is protected by US and International Patents.